All the computers with the Internet connection are given an IP address that stands for Internet Protocol address. It is divided into two types which are the private IP address and public IP address. The private IP addresses are typically set as the default address for some particular Internet routers such as those of D-Link. The routers are required for almost all places where you can use the Internet connection regardless it is your office, your school or your house.
They must be set up before you can use the Internet. This work is usually done by some technicians from an Internet Service Provider as part of its package. One of the most popular default IP address used by many router manufacturers is 192.168.0.1. It is also known as an IPv4 address because of the network it belongs to. If you are using a wireless or even an ADSL router, it’s most likely that 192.168.0.1 is set up to your network by default.
How To Set Up The 192.168.0.1 Router For The First Time?
If it is the first time you access the default IP address 192.168.0.1, you need to set up a little before using the Internet.
Step 1: Access to the router by following the steps I mentioned above. I suggest that you should not use the smartphone or tablet. A desktop or tablet is way better.
Step 2: After logging in to the admin dashboard, you should set up the SSID name. This is the way to help your connection to be identified by others. You can choose any name you’d like from the nickname of yours, the name of your pet, and so on.
Step 3: Set up a password to protect your connection from unauthorized access. A strong password should include both letters and numbers. You can do that by going to the Security Settings.
Step 4: Reboot the router. Now your settings have come into effect.
Step 5: Now you go to the Internet Access on your computer and search for the name you have just set up. Click Connect and enter the password.
How to Login To 192.168.0.1 Admin Dashboard?
- Step 1: Launch an Internet browser such as Chrome or Mozilla Firefox. Please be sure that your computer is already connected to the network.
- Step 2: At the URL bar, type http://192.168.0.1 then click Go, or press button Enter on the keyboard.
- Step 3: The admin page shows up and asks you to enter the Username and Password. This information can usually be found right on the router. If not, you can search the label of your router here to find out what is it.
- Step 4: Enter the correct Username and Password in the required fields. This will direct you to the Dashboard where you can adjust the settings of your router and modem.
Private IP addresses and Public IP Addresses
First, you should know the difference between those two types of IP addresses.
Private IP addresses
A private IP address is what you only can find in a private network. It can only be accessed by a device in the same network. This is the type set to your Wi-Fi routers.
Some private IP addresses can be alike. In that case, those addresses are not in the same network. There is an organization that is in charge of controlling the IP addresses in the world. It is known as IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority).
At first, IANA developed IPv4 – a type of IP address. An IPv4 address is basically a number that includes four numbers each of which must be in the value range from 0 to 255.
These numbers are taken apart by the decimal points. The address 192.168.1.0 is an example of IPv4.
Theoretically, the number of addresses in an IPv4 network can be up to around 4 billion. However, IANA has chosen some particular number of chains and made them private. The chain from 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255 is one of them. This chain, together with the other ones, accounts for about 18 million IP addresses which are intended for the private systems.
The private IP addresses will be sent to all devices in a network. All networks of any scales are put under this work of the routers.
Thanks to those addresses, the devices in a network are able to identify and communicate with each other. But a private IP address itself is not capable of connecting to the Internet without the assistance of an Internet Service Provider such as Verizon and AT&T. This is also the reason why sometimes you are still connected to the modem but you cannot access the Internet. Maybe your private network is disconnected from the connection to the ISP.
Now, let’s sum up
First, your computer is connected to the private network as the router sets a private address such as 192.168.0.1 for it. This router connects to the ISP who authorizes you to access the Internet.
Public IP address
A public IP address is what the Internet Service Providers give to their customers. The public IP addresses are always different. This means that you cannot find any public IP address that is the same as another. In other words, public IP addresses are absolutely unique. But this caused trouble for the IPv4 systems of which the maximum number of devices is only 4 billion.
Therefore, IANA had to come up with a solution which was the IPv6 standard. This allowed a system to have a lot more devices in it. Replacing the 4 numbers with eight groups of both letters and digits, the new standard can assist a huge number of devices in a network which can be up to decillion.
The role of the IP address 192.168.0.1
As you know, 192.168.0.1 is an IPv4 address and a private address. Moreover, this IP address has some crucial roles that you all should know such as calculating the data used, boosting the performance of Wi-Fi signals, converting transmission methods, and so on.
You can easily know what the default setting of your router is by opening the IPconfig utility on your computer. Notice the information under the IPv4 address which tells you the details on how your connection is set up at the time. Some of you may find that the default IP address is not 192.168.0.1. This is usually because there is more than only one router in the network. In that case, there must be some router which is set 192.168.0.1 already.
Which IP address is set to your router is determined by the gateway set by the manufacturer. That’s why sometimes there is an overlap if there is more than one router in the area.
When an IP address is set to more than one router, there can be a malfunction that stops the performance of those devices. However, this hardly happens in reality.
Frequently Asked Questions 192.168.0.1
I have received a lot of questions regarding using the IP address 192.168.0.1. Here are some of the most frequently asked ones.
Q1: Why is the IP address 192.168.0.1 set by default?
Some of my co-workers wondered why so many Wi-Fi routers have 192.168.0.1 as the default IP address. Well, this is not an easy question, indeed!
To be honest, I hadn’t thought about this seemingly simple thing before they asked me. But after thinking a little, I can tell you that the answer is pretty obvious.
The reason for that popularity is that 192.168.0.1 is a private IP address, which is sometimes called a non-routable IP address. This type of IP address cannot be accessed by the devices from outside. As I mentioned above, among a lot of number chains created by the combination of character groups, some particular chains are chosen to set private by the organization in charge.
Those have to go through some specific adjustments before being used on the Internet. Private IP addresses can be set for the networks of any sizes thanks to the fact that an Internet Service Provider often uses just one public IP address for a place.
There are a limited number of IPv4 addresses available so we have to count considerably on the private IP addresses. The IPv6 standard is not popular enough yet, so the vision in which every device in the world has its own public IP address is still in the future.
In case that you wish to give more than one device in a network a public IP address, you can use a special gateway named NAT to convert the private addresses into the public addresses.
NAT is usually used as a router itself which plays the role of assigning the private IP addresses to all the devices in a network.
Q2: Which a number of chains are set private?
According to the official documents, IANA has set up three IP addresses ranges as the private IP addresses.
|IP address range||Number of Addresses||Class|
|10.0.0.0 – 10.255.255.255||16,777,216||Class A|
|172.16.0.0 – 172.31.255.25||1,048,576||Class B|
|192.168.0.0 – 192.168.255.255||65,536||Class C|
As you see from the table, all private systems over the world are assigning the devices within one of the listed chains.
The third column outlines three classes into which the IP addresses fall. It indicates the number of devices that can be included in a range.
Class A has the most addresses that can be set to a network with more than 16 million. In fact, unless your system is super huge with many networks connected to one another, you don’t need this class.
The most popular class that you can easily find is class C as it provides your network with about 65 thousand IP addresses. This number is adequate for the need of almost any small or medium systems.
The starting point of a C network is the IP address 192.168.0.1 and it is typically used for your computer.
Lately, a number of router brands use the IP address 192.168.1.1 instead of 192.168.0.1. Some people believe this alternative helps users not to forget the default address.
Remember that in case you wish to change the default IP address, you can switch to another class. As long as you set up properly, the device will work well.
Q3: What is the difference between the private IP addresses in a private system?
Well, you cannot find anything different between the IP addresses in a private system except the numbers themselves.
Q4: What about other combinations of IP addresses?
There are a huge number of IP addresses that are not set as private ones by IANA, like 18.104.22.168/6 or 22.214.171.124/4. However, you can hardly see them today.
There are also the private IP addresses in the form 169.254.x.x which are the APIPA addresses. These ones are mostly set as an alternative for a DHCP server in case that there is no presence of it. Once set up, all the devices in the network will be given the IP addresses in the form 169.254.x.x. X is a digit in the range 0 – 255.
Thanks to the presence of the APIPA addresses, the devices in a network can still connect to each other without any interruption.
Q5: What should I do if I cannot access the IP address?
When you encounter the problem regarding accessing the IP address, the first thing you should do is checking all the numbers for any mistakes.
One of the most common mistakes the users make is mixing up the number 0 with the letter O.Then if it still doesn’t work despite the correct address, it’s most likely that the default IP address of your router is not what you are trying.
In that case, you may access the list of the default IP addresses here sort by the manufacturer. Next, check the connection between your computer and router to see whether it is properly set up.
You can examine the status of your connection. First, find the ports on the router and see if the lights are on. Don’t forget to check the wires.
Also, you can reset your router. This can take your device back to the default setting and solve the problem.
Q6: How can I change the password of my router?
Changing the password is a suggested practice to protect your privacy from harmful access. Here are some steps you can take to change the password of your router.
- Step 1: Access the control panel of the router by following the instructions above
- Step 2: Go to the Admin
- Step 3: Go to the section for changing the password in the admin board
- Step 4: Set the new password. Remember that a strong password should include both numbers and letters. You even can consider using special characters to make your password stronger.
- Step 5: Save your change.
Q7: How can I find my IP address?
In general, your computer at home or at work has both a private IP address and a public IP address. The former is the identification of your device in the network. The latter is that of your network on the Internet.
To find the private IP address, launch the command prompt and type ipconfig. Press Enter and you will know the address immediately.
To find the public IP address, you can use the Google search. First, you visit the Google website. Then you type “my IP” in the search bar and press Enter. The search engine will tell you your public IP address.
The topic of routers and IP addresses is really technical and some of you will find it complicated. Of course, we can contact the technicians if there is a problem with our connection. However, broadening our knowledge can help us to fix the simple situations.
I hope what I shared today is not too hard to understand. If you have any questions regarding the topic, please leave them on the comment. I will reply to your questions as soon as I can!